Archive for the ‘Water Quality Standard’ Category

Natural & Artificial Treatment of Pollutants in Water

NATURAL TREATMENT OF POLLUTANTS IN WATER:Pollutants that can be oxidized by bacteria in the presence of free dissolved oxygen can be aerobically converted to CO2 and H2O. These pollutants, such as domestic sewage and many readily biodegradable industrial wastes, can be destroyed in accordance with the oxygen sag equations presented above, if oxygen is naturally reinjected into the water [....]

What is Chlorine Disinfection?

CHLORINE DISINFECTION

Chlorine deactivates microorganisms through several mechanisms that can destroy most biological contaminants, including: Chlorine Formula

  • Damaging the cell wall 
  • Altering the permeability of the cell (the ability to pass water in and out through the cell wall) • Altering the cell protoplasm
  • Inhibiting the enzyme activity of the cell so it is unable to use its food to produce energy
[....]

Sources of Industrial and Municipal Stromwater

Sources of Industrial Stromwater.

Any solid or liquid material or chemical stored, leaked or spilled on the ground from an industrial
operation can be transported by stormwater to a recovery stream and become a pollutant. These
sources can be from any or all of the following:
• Outside process areas
• Inside process areas which discharge to the outside
• [....]

BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF DIFFICULT WASTES

Toxicity
Things that can cause toxicity include many of the following:
     Metals: lead, antimony, copper, zinc, chromium, cadmium, nickel, manganese
(permanganate), sliver,
    Oxidizers: chlorine, chloramines, any of the group VII compounds in the
periodic table, permanganates, ozone, fluorine, iodine, peroxides, and
so on.
             All of these compounds are direct toxins, because they directly interfere
with the biological [....]

Water Quality Standards:Inland Surface

Sr.No

Parameter

Standard

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

       

Colour and odour

Suspended Solids, mg/l, Max

Particle size of suspended solids

Dissolved solids (inorganic), mg/a, mac

pH value

Temperature o

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