**BASIC PUMPING CALCULATIONS **Certain computations used for determining various pumping parameters are important to the water/wastewater operator. In this section, we use basic-pumping calculations relevant to the subject matter.

PUMPING RATES

Important Point:

$The rate of flow produced by a pump is expressed as the volume of water pumped

during a given period.The mathematical problems most often encountered by water/wastewater operators when determining pumping rates are often determined by using Equations

Pumping rate (gpm)=gallons / minutes

Pumping rate (gph)=gallons / hours

Example:

Problem

The meter on the discharge side of the pump reads in hundreds of gallons. If the meter shows a reading of 110 at 2:00 p.m. and 320 at 2:30 p.m., what is the pumping rate expressed in gallons per minute?

Solution

The problem asks for pumping rate in gallons per minute (gpm), so we use Equation

• Step 1: To solve this problem, we must first find the total gallons pumped (determined

from the meter readings).

32,000 gal – 11,000 gal = 21,000 gal

• Step 2: This quantity was pumped between 2:00 p.m. and 2:30 p.m. for a total of 30

minutes. From this information, calculate the gpm pumping rate:

Pumping rate (gpm)=21,000 gal / 30 min

=700 gpm pumping rate