The falling film evaporator has two main configurations, which includes the horizontal and the vertical tube,The horizontal tube is the most common design used in the desalination industry.
The vertical tube falling film function describes are under
The liquid is introduced at the top part of the vertical tubes, where it form a falling film on the inside surface of [....]
Evaporators are the heart of any evaporation desalination process;Evaporators include the following types:- Submerged tube ;- Falling film
moreover they are an essential element in several industrial applications that include chemical, petroleum, and food processes.
The evaporator configuration is based on creating a hot surface, where heating steam condenses on one side and vapor is formed on the other side.
The Vacuum filtration Nutsche filter is simply an industrial-scale equivalent of the laboratory Buchner funnel.
Nutsche filters consist of cylindrical or rectangular tanks divided into two compartments of roughly the same size, by a horizontal medium supported by a filter plate. Vacuum is applied to the lower compartment, into which the filtrate is collected. It is customary to use [....]
Generally most of the Portable and Bench type Turbidimeter operates on the nephelometric principle of turbidity measurement.
The optical system (Ref Figure) includes a tungsten-filament lamp, a 90° detector to monitor scattered light and a transmitted light detector. The instrument’s microprocessor calculates the ratio of the signals from the 90° and transmitted light detectors. This ratio technique corrects for interferences [....]