what are the Factors affecting dissolved oxygen concentration in water Dissolved oxygen (DO) and water temperature are most commonly in situ monitored parameters for surface waters (rivers, streams, lakes, reservoirs, wetlands, ocean, etc.). Dissolved oxygen concentration in milligrams per liter (mg/L) is a measurement of the amount of oxygen dissolved in water. It can be determined with a DO meter or by a chemical titration method.
The DO in water has an important impact on aquatic animals and plants. Most aquatic animals, such as fish, require oxygen in the water to survive. The two major sources of oxygen in water are from diffusion from the atmosphere across the water surface and the photosynthetic oxygen production from aquatic plants such as algae and macrophytes. Important factors that affect DO in water may include water temperature, aquatic plant photosynthetic activity, wind and wave mixing,organic contents of the water, and sediment oxygen demand.
Excessive growth of algae (bloom) or other aquatic plants may provide very high concentration of DO, so called supersaturation. On the other hand, oxygen deficiencies can occur when plant respiration depletes oxygen beyond the atmospheric diffusion rate. This can occur especially during the winter ice cover period and when intense decomposition of organic matter in the lake bottom sediment occurs during the summer. These oxygen deficiencies will result in fish being killed. see Factors affecting dissolved oxygen concentration Picture